Atmospheric Vortex Engine

Relevant Publications by Other Authors

Web sites providing access to groups of publications

Index to American Meteorological Society Journals
Link to AMS Journals web site
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Index to Dr. Kerry Emanuel Publications
Link to Dr. Kerry Emanuel Publication Page

Index to Dr. Ralph Lorenz Publications
Link to Dr. Ralph Lorenz Publication Page

Individual publications

Aberson, S. D., Montgomery, M. T., Bell, Black, M. L., 2006: Hurricane Isabel (2003): New Insight into the Physics of Intense Storms. Part II. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 87, 1349-1354.
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Andreas, E. L., and Emanuel, K. A., 2001: Effect of Sea Spray on Tropical Cyclone Intensity.
J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 3741-3751.
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Arakawa, A. and Schubert, W.H., 1974: Interaction of a Cumulus Cloud Ensemble with the Large-Scale Environment, Part I. J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 674-701.
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Atlas, D., 1976 - Overview: The Prediction, Detection, and Warning of Severe Storms.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 57, 398–401.
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Barcilon, A., 1967: A Theoretical and Experimental Model for a Dust Devil. J. Atmos. Sci., 24, 453–466.
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Battan, L. J., 1958: Energy of a Dust Devil. J. Meteor. 15, 235-237.
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Beven, J. and Cobb, H., 2003: Tropical Cyclone Report Hurricane Isabel, 6-19 September 2003, National Hurricane Center.
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Bell, M., and Montgomery M., 2008: Observed Structure, Evolution, and Potential Intensity of Category 5 Hurricane Isabel(2003) from 12 to 14 September.
Mon. Wea. Rev.,   136, 2023–2046.
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Black, P.G, et. al. 2007: Air–Sea Exchange in Hurricanes: Synthesis of Observations from the Coupled Boundary Layer Air–Sea Transfer Experiment. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 88, 357–374.
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Bluestein, H.B., Weiss, C.C., and Pazmany, L., 2004: The Vertical Structure of a Tornado near Happy, Texas, on 5 May 2002: High-Resolution, Mobile, W-band, Doppler Radar Observations. Mon. Wea. Rev., 132, 2325–2337.
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Bluestein, H.B., Weiss, C.C., and Pazmany, L., 2004: Doppler Radar Observations of Dust Devils in Texas. Mon. Wea. Rev., 132, 209–224.
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Bluestein, H.B., Weiss, C.C., and Pazmany, L., 2003: Mobile Doppler Radar Observations of a Tornado in a Supercell near Bassett, Nebraska, on 5 June 1999. Part I: Tornadogenesis. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 2954–2967.
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Bluestein, H.B., Weiss, C.C., and Pazmany, L., 2003: Mobile Doppler Radar Observations of a Tornado in a Supercell near Bassett, Nebraska, on 5 June 1999. Part II: Tornado Vortex Structure. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 2968–2984.
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Camp, J. P., and M. T. Montgomery, 2001: Maximum Hurricane Intensity: Past and Present.
Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1704-1717.
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Chan, J.C.L., Duan, Y., and Shay, L.K., 2001: Tropical Cyclone Intensity Change from a Simple Ocean–Atmosphere Coupled Model. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 154-172.
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Church, C.R., Snow, J.T., and Dessens, J., 1980: Intense Atmospheric Vortices Associated with a 1000 MW Fire.,Bull. Amer. Meteo. Soc., 61, 682-694.
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Davies-Jones, R.E., 1973: The Dependence of Core Radius on Swirl Ratio in a Tornado Simulator.
J. Atmos. Sci., 30, 1427–1430.
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Davies-Jones, R., Trapp, J. and Bluestein, H. 2001 - Tornadoes and Tornadic Stroms - Chapter 5
American Meteorological Society - Meteo. Monogr. Vol:28, Num:50, 167–221.
Severe Convective Storms edited by C. Doswell, 570 pages.
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Dean, L., Emanuel, K.E., and Chavas D.R., 2009: On the size distribution of Atlantic tropical cyclones. Geophysical Research Letters. vol. 36, L14803.
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DeMaria, M., and Kaplan, J., 1994: Sea Surface Temperature and the Maximum Intensity of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones. J. Climate., 7, 1324–1334.
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Doswell III, C.E., 2001 - What is a tornado?
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Doswell III, C.E.,and Burgess, D.W., 1993 - Tornadoes and tornadic storms: A review of conceptual models. In The Tornado: Its Structure, Dynamics, Prediction and Hazards (C. Church, D. Burgess, C. Doswell, R. Davies-Jones, Eds.), Geophys. Monogr. 79, Amer. Geophys. Union, 161-172.
Web page

Emanuel K.E., 1986: An Air-Sea Interaction Theory for Tropical Cyclones. Part I: Steady-State Maintenance J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 585-605.
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Emanuel K.E., 1988: The Maximum Intensity of Hurricanes J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 1143-1155.
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Emanuel K.E., 1988: Toward a General theory of Hurricanes Amer. Sci., 76, 370-379.
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Emanuel K.E., 1997: Some Aspects of hurricane Inner-Core Dynamics and Energetics. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 1014-1026.
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Emanuel, K.A., 2006: Hurricanes: Tempests in a greenhouse. Physics Today, 59, 74-75.
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Emanuel, C., DesAutels, C., Holloway, C., and Korty, R., 2004: Environmental Control of Tropical Cyclone Intensity. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 843-858.
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Emanuel, K., Sundararajan, R., and Williams, J., 2008: Hurricanes and Global Warming: Results from Downscaling IPCC AR4 Simulations Intensity. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 89, 347–367.
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Emanuel, K., and Zivkovic-Rothman, M., 1999: Development and Evaluation of a Convection Scheme for Use in Climate Models. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 1766–1782.
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Golden, J.H., and Bluestein, H.B., 1994: The NOAA-National Geographic Society Waterspout Expedition (1993). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 75, 2281–2288.
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Golden, J.H., and R.F. Abbey R.F. Jr., 1976 - Atmospheric Sciences and Problems of Society.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 57, 436–438.
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Fiedler, B.H., and Rotunno, R., 1986 - A Theory for the Maximum Windspeeds in Tornado-like Vortices. J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 2328–2340.
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Hanna, S..R., and Gifford, F.A., 1975: Meteorological Effects of Energy Dissipation at Large Power Parks. Bull. Amer. Meteo. Soc., 56, 1069–1076.
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Hanna, S.R., 1977: Predicted Climatology of Cooling Tower Plumes from Energy Centers. J. App. Meteor., 16, 880–887.
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Held, I.M., 2005: The Gap between Simulation and Understanding in Climate Modeling.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 86, 1609–1619.
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Hissong, J.E., 1926: Whirlwinds at Oil-Tank Fire, San Luis Obispo, Calif. Mon. Wea. Rev. 54, 161-163.
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Holland, Greg, J. 1997: The maximum potential intensity of tropical cyclones. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 2519-2541.
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Ives, R.I. 1949: Behavior of Dust Devils. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 28, 168-714.
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Keith, D. W., 1996 - Energetics. Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather. S. H. Schneider ed.,
Oxford University Press, New York, NY, p. 278-283.
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Kessler, Edwin. 1970: Tornadoes., Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 51, 926–936.
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Kiehl, J.T., and Trenberth, K.E. 1997: Earth's Annual Global Mean Energy Budget.
Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78, 197–208.
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Kleidon, A., and Lorenz, R, 2004: Entropy Production by the Earth's System Processes.
In: Non-equilibrium thermodynamics and the production of life, Earth, and beyond. Pages 1-20. Springer Verlag ISBN 3-540-2495-5,
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LeMone, M.A., and Zipser, E.J., 1980: Cumulonimbus Vertical Velocity Events in GATE. Part I: Diameter, Intensity, and Mass Flux. J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 2444-2457.
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Leonard, C.M., 1958: Fundamentals of Thermodynamics.
Prentice-Hall, New York. The Brayton Cycle - pages 214-217.
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Leonard, C.M., 1958: Fundamentals of Thermodynamics.
Prentice-Hall, New York. Reversible Processes for a perfect Gas - pages 239.
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Lorenz R.D. and Rennó N.O., 2002: Work Output of Planetary Atmospheric Engines : Dissipation in Clouds and Rain. Geophysical Research Letters, vo.29 No.2 10.1029/2001GL013771
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Margules, M.1905: On the Energy of Storms.
Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collection Vol. 51, No. 4.. The Mechanics of the Earth's Atmosphere. A collection of translations by Cleveland Abbe, Third ccollection, pages 533-595.
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Margules, M.1906: Zur Sturmtheorie.
Meteorologische Zeitschrift. XLI Band der Osterreich Zeitschrift fur Meteorologie,  pages 481-497, 
Berlin. (in German)
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Montgomery, M. T., Bell, M. M., Aberson, S. D., Black, M. L., 2006: Hurricane Isabel (2003): New insight into the physics of intense storms. Part I. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 87, 1335-1347.
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Nazare, Edgard, L'Homme Peut Faire des Cyclones et Dompter Leur Énergie, L'Ère Nouvelle, Juillet-Aout 1985, This French article written by Edgard Nazare in 1985 includes a reference to Michaud's vortex generator.
Copy of article - PDF format (1.4 MB)

Ninic N., Juric Z., and Nizetic, S., 2006: Thermodynamical aspect of definitions »CAPE« and »TCAPE«. Geofizika 23-2, 143-154.
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Ninic, N., 2006: Available energy of the air in solar chimneys and the possibility of its ground – level concentration. Solar Energy 80, 804-811.
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Ninic, N. and Nizetic, S, 2009: Elementaty theory of stationary vortex columns for solar chimney power plants. Solar Energy 83, 462-476.
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Nizetic, S, 2010: An Atmospheric gravitational vortex as a flow object: Improvement of the three-layer model. Geofizika.
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Nolan, D.S., and Farrell, B.F., 1999 - The Structure and Dynamics of Tornado-Like Vortices. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 2908–2936.
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Normand C., 1946: Energy in the Atmosphere. Quarterly Journal of the Royal meteorological Society., 72, No 312-313, pages 145-167.
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Ooyama, K.V., 1990: A Thermodynamic Foundation for Modelling the Moist Atmosphere.
J.Atmos. Sci., 47, 2580-2593.
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Ozawa, h., Ohmura, A. Lorenz, R.D., Pujol, T., 2003: The Second Law of Thermodynamic and the Global Climate System: A review of the Maximum Entropy Production Principle.
A Review, Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 41, No. 4, 1018 [10.1029/2002RG000113] 2003.
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Pauluis, O., 2007: Sources and Sinks of Available Potential Energy in a Moist Atmosphere .
J. Atmos. Sci., 64-7 , 2627–2641.
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Pauluis, O., Balaji, V., and Held, I.M., 2000: Frictional Dissipation in a Precipitating Atmosphere.
J. Atmos. Sci., 57-7, 989-994.
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Pauluis, O., and Held, I.M., 2002: Entropy Budget of an Atmosphere in Radiative–Convective Equilibrium. Part I: Maximum Work and Frictional Dissipation. J. Atmos. Sci., 59-2, 125–139.
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Pauluis, O., and Held, I.M., 2002: Entropy Budget of an Atmosphere in Radiative–Convective Equilibrium. Part II: Maximum Work and Frictional Dissipation. J. Atmos. Sci., 59-2, 140–149 .
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Persing, J. and M. T. Montgomery, 2003: Hurricane superintensity. J. Atmos. Sci., 60, 2349-2371.
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Persing, J. and M. T. Montgomery, 2005: Is environmental CAPE important in the determination of maximum possible hurricane intensity? J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 542-550.
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Randall, D.A. and Wang, J., 1992: The Moist Available Energy of a Conditionally Unstable Atmosphere J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 240-255.
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Randall, D.A. and Wang, J., 1994: The Moist Available Energy of a Conditionally Unstable Atmosphere. Part II: Further Analysis of GATE Data. J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 703-710.
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Rasmussen, E.N., and Blanchard, D.O., 1998 - A Baseline Climatology of Sounding-Derived Supercell and Tornado Forecast Parameters.
Weather and Forecasting, 13-4, 1148-1164.
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Rasmussen, E.N., Straka, J.M., Davies-Jones, R., Doswell III, C.A., Carr, F.H., Eilts, M.D., and MacGorman, D.R., 1994 - Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment: VORTEX. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 75, 995–1006.
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Raymond, D.J., 1995: Regulation of Moist Convection over the West Pacific Warm Pool.
J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 3945-3959.
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Renno, N.O., 2008: A thermodynamically general theory for convective vortices. Tellus A, 60-4, 688-699
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Rennó, N.O. Burkett, M.L., and Larkin M.P., 1998: A Simple Thermodynamical Theory for Dust Devils. J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 3244-3252.
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Rennó, N.O. and Ingersoll A.P., 2000: Natural Convection as a Heat Engine: A Theory for CAPE.
J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 572-585.
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Rennó, N.O. and Bluestein, H.B., 2001: A Simple Theory for Waterspouts J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 927-932.
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Rotunno, R., and Emanuel, K.A. 1987: An Air–Sea Interaction Theory for Tropical Cyclones. Part II: Evolutionary Study Using a Nonhydrostatic Axisymmetric Numerical Model
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Shay, L. Goni, G. and Black, P., 2000: Effects of a Warm Oceanic Feature on Hurricane Opal. Monthly Weather Rev, 128, 1366-1377.
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Sinclair, P.C., 1964: Some Preliminary Dust Devils Measurements.
Mon. Wea. Rev., 92, 363-367.
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Snow, J.T., and Pauley, R.L., 1984 - On the Thermodynamic Method for Estimating Maximum Tornado Windspeeds. J. Appl. Meteo. 10, 1465–1468.
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Starr, V.P. Anati, D.A. and Salstein D.A. 1974: Effectiveness of Controlled Convection in Producing Precipitation. J. Geophys. Res. 79, 4047-4052.
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Starr, V.P. 1974: The Tornado Mechanism and its Possible Artificial Duplication.
Riv. Itl. Geofissica. XXIII, 267-271.
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Tonkin, H., Holland, G.J., Holbrook, N., Henderson-Sellers, A., 2000: An Evaluation of Thermodynamic Estimates of Climatological Maximum Potential Tropical Cyclone Intensity. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 746–762.
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Trapp, R.J., and Davies-Jones, R., 1997: Tornadogenesis with and without a Dynamic Pipe Effect. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 113-133
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Trenberth, K.E., Davis, C.A., Fassulo J., 2007: Water and Energy Budgets of Hurricanes: Case studies of Ivan and Katrina.
J. Geophys Res., 122, D23106.
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Van Ness, H.C.1959: Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics.
McGraw-Hill, New York. The reversible process - pages 47-53.
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Van Ness, H.C.1969: Understanding Thermodynamics.
Dover Publications, New York. The Concept of Reversibility - pages 19-25.
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Vennard, J.K. 1959: Elementary Fluid mechanics.
John Wiley, New York. The Energy Equation - pages 66-69.
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Wang, J. and Randall, D.A., 1996: A Cumulus Parametrization Based on the Generalized Convective Available Energy. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 716-727.
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Ward, N.B., 1971: The Exploration of Certain Features of Tornado Dynamics Using a Laboratory Model J. Atmos. Sci., 29, 1194-1204.
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Ward, N.B., 1972: A Note on the Effects of Pressure Gradients on Fluid Flow with Atmospheric Applications. J. Atmos. Sci., 29, 982-984
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Wang, Y., Kepert, J.D., and Holland, G.J., 2001: The Effect of Sea Spray Evaporation on Tropical Cyclone Boundary Layer Structure and Intensity. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 2481–2500
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Williams, E. and Renno, N. 1993: An Analysis of the Conditional Instability of the Tropical Atmosphere.,Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 121, 21–36.
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Ying, S.J., and Chang, C.C., 1970: Exploratory Model Study of Tornado-Like Vortex Dynamics J. Atmos. Sci., 27, 3–14.
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Zipser, E.J., and LeMone, M.A., 1980: Cumulonimbus Vertical Velocity Events in GATE. Part II: Synthesis and Model Core Structure J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 2458-2469.
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