Atmospheric Vortex Engine

References for Paper

"Unrestrained Expansion - A Source of Entropy"

The following links are references from a paper submitted for publication at the American Geophysical Union Fall 2005 Meeting - Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics Session:   Unrestrained Expansion - A Source of Entropy (Complete Paper)


Kleidon A., Lorenz, R., 2004. Entropy Production by Earth System Processes. pdf

Lorenz R. 2002. Plant Life and the production of entropy. pdf

Lorenz R., Rennó N., 2002. Work Output of Planetary Atmospheric Engines : Dissipation in Clouds and Rain, pdf

Ozawa H., Atsumu O., Lorentz R., Pujol T., 2003. The second law of thermodynamics and the global climate system: a review of the maximum entropy production system. pdf

Pauluis O. 2005. Sources and sinks of available potential energy in a moist atmosphere. pdf

Pauluis, O., and I. M. Held, 2002: Entropy budget of an atmosphere in radiative-convective equilibrium. Part I: Maximum work and frictional dissipation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 59(2), 125-139. pdf

Pauluis, O., and I. M. Held, 2002: Entropy budget of an atmosphere in radiative-convective equilibrium. Part II: Latent heat transport and moist processes. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 59(2), 140-149. pdf

Renno N., Bluestein H., 2001. A simple theory for waterspouts. pdf